Saint Teresa of Calcutta Biography
Saint Teresa of Calcutta Profile. Born: August 26, 1910 in Macedonia, Europe. Worked in India. Died: 5 September 1997 in India. Feast Day is celebrated September 5.
Saint of the Day
|Date of Birth||August 26, 1910|
|Country of Birth||Macedonia in Europe|
|Place of Work||India|
|Date of Death||5 September 1997|
|Place of Death||India|
|Feast Day||September 5|
|Beatification||by Pope John Paul II on October 19, 2003|
|Canonization||by Pope Francis on September 4, 2016|
|Patron Saint of||1. World Youth Day
2. Missionaries of Charity
She was born in Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Albania in 26 August 1910 as an Albanian-Indian in Roman Catholic nun and missionary. After living in Macedonia for eighteen years she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.
In 1950 Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation which had over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children’s- and family counseling programs; orphanages, and schools.
Members, who take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, also profess a fourth vow: to give “wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor”.
Teresa received a number of honors, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She was canonized on 4 September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day.
A controversial figure during her life and after her death, Teresa was admired by many for her charitable work. She was praised and criticized for her opposition to abortion and criticized for poor conditions in her houses for the dying. Her authorized biography was written by Navin Chawla and published in 1992, and she has been the subject of films and other books.
Teresa had a heart attack in Rome in 1983 while she was visiting Pope John Paul II. Following the second attack in 1989, she received an artificial pacemaker. In 1991, after a bout of pneumonia in Mexico, she had additional heart problems. Although Teresa offered to resign as head of the Missionaries of Charity, in a secret ballot the sisters of the congregation voted for her to stay, and she agreed to continue.
In April 1996 she fell, breaking her collarbone, and four months later she had malaria and heart failure.
On 13 March 1997 Teresa resigned as head of the Missionaries of Charity, and she died on 5 September. At the time of her death, the Missionaries of Charity had over 4,000 sisters and an associated brotherhood of 300 members operating 610 missions in 123 countries.
Saint Teresa of Calcutta lay in repose in St Thomas, Calcutta, for a week before her funeral. She received a state funeral from the Indian government in gratitude for her service to the poor of all religions in the country.
Today’s Catholic Quote:
On 17 December 2015, the Vatican Press Office confirmed that Pope Francis recognized a second miracle attributed to Teresa: the healing of a Brazilian man with multiple brain tumors back in 2008. The miracle first came to the attention of the postulation (officials managing the cause) during the events of World Youth Day 2013 when the pope was in Brazil that July.