Wednesday, December 1, 2021
Wednesday, December 1, 2021

Saint John of Capistrano – Feast Day – October 23

Enjoy Christmas Carols and Songs 2021 with Lyrics
Enjoy Christmas Carols and Songs 2021 with Lyrics

The Memorial of St. John of Capistrano, Priest

He is the Patron Saint of

1. Jurists
2. Belgrade
3. Hungary

St. John of Capistrano Feast Day, Date of Birth, Country of Birth, Profession, Place of Work, Date of Death, Place of Death, Feast Day, Beatification Date, Canonization Date, Matrimony/Holy Orders, Priests who became Saints

Readings for Today – Year B

St. John of Capistrano, Priest brief life History

Date of Birth 24 June 1386
Country of Birth Italy in Europe
Profession Franciscan Friar
Place of Work Several Countries in Europe
Date of Death 23 October 1456 (aged 70)
Place of Death Ilok, Syrmia, Kingdom of Croatia
Feast Day October 23
Beatification By Not Available
Canonization By Either Pope Alexander VIII or Pope Benedict XIII in 1690 or 1724 in Rome
Patron Saint of 1. Jurists
2. Belgrade
3. Hungary

St. John of Capistrano Feast Day Short life History

Saint John of Capistrano was born on 24 June 1386 in the village of Capistrano, in the Diocese of Sulmona, in the Abruzzi region, Kingdom of Naples.

He was a Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capistrano, Abruzzo. Famous as a preacher, theologian, and inquisitor, he earned himself the nickname ‘the Soldier Saint’ when in 1456 at age 70 he led a crusade against the invading Ottoman Empire at the siege of Belgrade with the Hungarian military commander John Hunyadi.

In 1412, King Ladislaus of Naples appointed him Governor of Perugia, a tumultuous and resentful papal fief held by Ladislas as the pope’s champion, in order to effectively establish public order. When war broke out between Perugia and the Malatestas in 1416, John was sent as ambassador to broker a peace, but Malatesta threw him in prison.

It was during this imprisonment that he began to think more seriously about his soul. He decided eventually to give up the world and become a Franciscan Friar, owing to a dream he had in which he saw St. Francis and was warned by the saint to enter the Franciscan Order.

Having never consummated the marriage, he asked and received permission from his wife to annul the marriage and started studying theology with Bernardino of Siena.

He entered the Order of Friars Minor at Perugia on 4 October 1416.

After the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Ottoman Empire, under Sultan Mehmed II, threatened Christian Europe. That following year Pope Callixtus III sent John, who was already aged seventy, to preach a Crusade against the invading Turks at the Imperial Diet of Frankfurt.

Gaining little response in Bavaria and Austria, he decided to concentrate his efforts in Hungary. John succeeded in gathering together enough troops to march onto Belgrade, which at that time was under siege by Turkish forces.

In the summer of 1456, these troops, together with John Hunyadi, managed to raise the siege of Belgrade; the old and frail friar actually led his own contingent into battle. This feat earned him the moniker of ‘the Soldier Priest’.

Although he survived the battle, John fell victim to the bubonic plague, which flourished in the unsanitary conditions prevailing among armies of the day. He died on 23 October 1456 at the nearby town of Ilok, Kingdom of Croatia in personal union with Hungary (now a Croatian border town on the Danube).

Today’s St. John of Capistrano Feast Day Quote:

As a Franciscan reformer preaching simplicity, John became the eponym of two Spanish missions founded by the Franciscan friars in the north of the then-Spanish Americas: Mission San Juan Capistrano in today’s Southern California and Mission San Juan Capistrano just outside the city center of today’s San Antonio in Texas.

 

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