Tuesday, October 19, 2021

Saint Robert Bellarmine – Feast Day – September 17

Saint Robert Bellarmine, Bishop and Doctor is the Patron Saint of

1. Bellarmine University
2. Bellarmine Preparatory School
3. Fairfield University
4. Bellarmine College Preparatory
5. Canonists
6. Canon lawyers
7. Catechists
8. Robert Barron (Bishop)
9. Catechumens
10. Archdiocese of Cincinnati

Saint Robert Bellarmine, Bishop and Doctor Date of Birth, Country of Birth, Profession, Place of Work, Date of Death, Place of Death, Feast Day, Beatification Date, Canonization Date, Matrimony/Holy Orders, Bishops who became Saints

Readings for Today – Year B

Saint Robert Bellarmine, Bishop and Doctor brief life History

Date of Birth 4 October 1542
Country of Birth Italy in Europe
Profession Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church
Place of Work Montepulciano Italy
Date of Death 17 September 1621 (aged 78)
Place of Death Rome, Italy
Feast Day September 17
Beatification By Pope Pius XI on 13 May 1923 in Rome
Canonization By Pope Pius XI on 29 June 1930 in Rome
Patron Saint of 1. Bellarmine University
2. Bellarmine Preparatory School
3. Fairfield University
4. Bellarmine College Preparatory
5. Canonists
6. Canon lawyers
7. Catechists
8. Robert Barron (Bishop)
9. Catechumens
10. Archdiocese of Cincinnati

Saint Robert Bellarmine, Bishop and Doctor Short life History

Bellarmine was born at Montepulciano, the son of noble, albeit impoverished, parents, Vincenzo Bellarmino and his wife Cinzia Cervini, who was the sister of Pope Marcellus II.

As a boy he knew Virgil by heart and composed a number of poems in Italian and Latin. One of his hymns, on Mary Magdalene, is included in the Roman Breviary.

He entered the Roman Jesuit novitiate in 1560, remaining in Rome three years. He then went to a Jesuit house at Mondovì, in Piedmont, where he learned Greek. While at Mondovì, he came to the attention of Francesco Adorno, the local Jesuit Provincial Superior, who sent him to the University of Padua.

Bellarmine was made rector of the Roman College in 1592, examiner of bishops in 1598, and cardinal in 1599. Immediately after his appointment as Cardinal, Pope Clement made him a Cardinal Inquisitor, in which capacity he served as one of the judges at the trial of Giordano Bruno, and concurred in the decision which condemned Bruno to be burned at the stake as a heretic.

In 1616, on the orders of Paul V, Bellarmine summoned Galileo, notified him of a forthcoming decree of the Congregation of the Index condemning the Copernican doctrine of the mobility of the Earth and the immobility of the Sun, and ordered him to abandon it. Galileo agreed to do so.

When Galileo later complained of rumors to the effect that he had been forced to abjure and do penance, Bellarmine wrote out a certificate denying the rumors, stating that Galileo had merely been notified of the decree and informed that, as a consequence of it, the Copernican doctrine could not be “defended or held”.

Cardinal Bellarmine believed such a demonstration could not be found because it would contradict the unanimous consent of the Fathers’ scriptural exegesis, to which the Council of Trent, in 1546, defined all Catholics must adhere.

In his old age Bellarmine was bishop of Montepulciano for four years, after which he retired to the Jesuit college of St. Andrew in Rome, where he died on 17 September 1621, aged 78.

Today’s Catholic Quote:

Thomas Hobbes saw Bellarmine in Rome at a service on All Saints Day (1 November) 1614 and, exempting him alone from a general castigation of cardinals, described him as “a little lean old man” who lived “more retired”.

Saint Robert Bellarmine
Saint Robert Bellarmine

Share This Readings Using ...

Daily Catholic Readings App Download